The 164th Civil District Court provides a forum in Harris County for resolving disputes regarding property, torts, and contract disputes, as well as resolving other grievances between individuals and organizations.

The Court is a court of general jurisdiction, providing a forum for resolving disputes regarding property, and contract disputes, as well as divorce cases, civil matters in which the amount in controversy (the amount of money or damages involved) is $200 or more, and any matters in which jurisdiction is not placed in another trial court.

District courts have original jurisdiction in all felony criminal cases